I. THE HYKSOS CANAANITES (PHOENICIANS) ESTABLISH CITIES IN
THEIR HOMELAND WITH THE HELP OF THE EGYPTIANS.
A. The Hyksos are still worshipping a pantheon of gods. Some of their old gods have gained the attributes of similar Egyptian gods. Other gods are completely Egyptian and have been adopted under new names. A Canaanite temple is built to honor the Egyptian/Hyksos god Resheph, a god of war.
II. COASTAL PHOENICIANS EXPLORE THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA. (TRIBE OF DAN ?) Based upon my study of Mythology, the name Dan would seem to signify a group of people living in Phoenicia around 1200 BC. Considering Phoenicia was under the control of Egypt, one might conclude that Dan represented an Egyptian administrative district.
1199 BC - CANAAN (ISRAEL) GETS A BIG BREAK A. Civil war breaks out in Egypt between rival pharaohs Seti II and Amenmesse. The former Hittite occpiers are still recuperating after war with Egypt. Israel takes advantage of the downtime and begins to flourish. B. According to Mythology and Biblical accounts, the name Dan would appear to signify a group of people living in northern coastal Phoenicia around this time.
PHOENICIAN COASTAL SETTLEMENTS (TRIBE OF DAN) SET SAIL IN SEARCH OF TRADE ROUTES Phoenician Sarcophagus from Cadiz PHOENICIAN TRIBE OF DAN TOUR THE MEDITERRANEAN I. ARGOS AND SOUTHERN GREECE - 1150 BC A. After the Bronze Age collapse, foreign invaders(Phoenicians) establish communites in Greece around the ancient cities of Argos and Thebes. B. The Phoenician alphabet is introduced to Greece and is later transformed into the Greek alphabet. D. Phoenicians founded a site on Thera (Santorini) Herodotus reports that the Phoenicians called the island Callista and lived on it for eight generations. C. Mythological accounts: 1. The son of an Egyptian king named Danaus and the Danaans (tribe of Danaus) refound Argos and go to war with the Trojans. 2. Homer's Iliad mentions the Danaans 138 times. 3. Danaë was a daughter of King Acrisius of Argos. 4. Cadmus, a Phoenican prince of Tyre settles in Thebes Greece. He is credited by the ancient Greeks with bringing the Phoenician alphabet to Greece.
II. CADIZ - 1104 BC A. City founded as Gadir by Phoneican explorers which traded with the local city of Tartessos. B. Contained Temple to Phoenician God Melquart (Heracles)
III. LEPTIS MAGNA - 1100 BC A. Founded by Phoenician colonists, Leptis Magna achieves prominance after Carthage becomes an ancient super power.
IV. SARDINIA - 1000 BC A. An important Phoenician anchorage. Eventually, the local Sardinians attacked the Phoenician immigrant community.
V. SICILY - 1000 BC A. Phoenician settlement. Palermo is of Phoenician origin.
Phoenician Sarcophagus from Cadiz * INTERESTING FACT: No archaeological proof of King Solomon or the First Temple has ever been found. Fraudulent artifacts like the "Ivory Pomegranate" were produced by Tel Aviv collector Oded Golan, owner of the James ossuary and the Yoash tablet; Robert Deutsch, an inscriptions expert who teaches at Haifa University; collector Shlomo Cohen, and antiquities dealer Faiz al-Amaleh.
MEANWHILE, BACK AT THE RANCH IN PHOENICIA... I. KING HIRAM BECOMES KING OF TYRE- 980 BC HISTORICAL ACCOUNT: Hiram establishes Tyre as the premiere trading port in Phoenicia and builds a temple to honor Baal(Lord) Melquart (Heracles, Hercules). BIBLICAL ACCOUNT: Hiram sends workmen to King Solomon and helps him build the First Temple. Hiram also blesses the Lord God of Israel which he claims made Heaven and Earth. FREEMASON ACCOUNT: Hiram the Grandmaster provides craftsmen for the Temple of Solomon, including his most skilled craftsman, Hiram Abiff.
RESUME THE MEDITERRANEAN VOYAGE
VI. CARTHAGE - 814 BC A. A Phoenician colony which ruled the Mediterranean for centuries until it's destruction during the third Punic war with Rome. B. Carthage was home to Hannibal (Grace of Baal), the famous military commander. C. The Phoenicians of Carthage worshipped an updated Canaanite Pantheon including Tanit, Baal Hammon and Astarte.
VII. CYPRUS - 800 BC A. Phoenician colonies founded near present day Larnaca.
VIII. MALTA - 800 BC A. A Phoenician colony used as a stopover during trips to Cornwall England. B. The Knights Hospitaller or Knights of Malta leased the island from Spain in 1530 AD. The Knights Templar were absorbed into the Knights Hospitaller which later spawned the Freemasons of today.
C. The Genographic Project concluded that male populations of Malta, Spain and Lebanon share a specific Phoenician chromosome. 1 in 17 may have a direct male line Phoenician ancestor. Carthaginian Shekel
800 BC: Tartessian Lady of Elche: RISE OF THE CELTS PHOENICIAN GADIR (CADIZ) AND TARTESSOS
: A. The Phoenicians and Tartessians of Southern Coastal Iberia (Spain) combined to form the first Celtic culture. The Canaanite bloodline was maintained through intermarriage. B. Based upon Phoenician script, the Tartessian language was soon developed. It is calssified as the earliest written Celtic language. A. It is from the name Gallaecia that we derive Gaels, Gaelic, Gauls and modern day Galicia. B. In Celtic Hispania, the hybrid Canaanite/Egyptian pantheon of gods have been transformed into the Celtic pantheon. Many of the original gods still exist albeit under new names. Baal Hadad or Set (the storm god of thunder) was transformed into the Celtic god Taranis.550 BC - CELTS FROM TARTESSOS MIGRATE TO GALLAECIA 500 BC - THE PHOENICIAN EXPLORERS HIMILCO THE NAVIGATOR: Himilco was a Phoenician explorer from Carthage. Using trade routes established by the Celts of Tartessos he explored the coastline of modern day Portugal, Spain and France. HANNO THE NAVIGATOR: Hanno was another Phoenician from Carthage. He sailed in the opposite direction of Himilco along the Northwest coast of Africa. Historical accounts mention his exploits in Mogador (modern day Essaouira) 400 BC THE MACEDONIAN CONNECTION (IMPORTANT FOR LATER) The Macedonian culture, which was founded by the Argead Dynasty (descendants of the Phoenician invaders of Argos) begins it's rise to superpower status.
367 BC - PTOLMEY I SOETOR(SAVIOR) IS BORN: A. Ptolemy is the illegitimate child of Arsinoe of Macedon and Philip II, King of Macedon (Macedonia). B. Ptolemy becoames a general under the most famous Macedonian, Alexander the Great who is also a member of the Argead Dynasty C. Ptolemy is the founder of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. His Phoenician ancestry reveals a crucial link between Canaan and the Ptolemaic line of rulers.PTOLEMY I SOETOR
CELTS INVADE IRELAND: 200 BC: THE CELTIC GAELS OF GALLAECIA MOVE IN: A. Five regional districts are established throughout Ireland while the indigenious tribes are either assimilated or killed. B. Genetic research shows a strong similarity between the Y chromosome haplotypes of males from northwestern Spain and northern Portugal and Irish men with Gaelic surnames. (Trinity College, Dublin, University of Leeds, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge). MYTHOLOGICAL ACCOUNT: A. The Lebor Gabála Érenn (The Book of the Taking of Ireland) recalls how the Tuatha Dé Danann (Tribe of Dan?) invaded Ireland and defeated the indigenious peoples. The Dannan were supposedly the descendants of a Scythian King. (Ancient Scythia encompassed Syria which was in the vicinity of Northern Canaan). B. The Tuatha Dé Danann fought a losing battle to the Milesians who were descendants of Míl Espáine (Soldier of Hispania). According to legend, Míl Espáine served as a soldier in Scythia and Egypt, before remembering a prophecy that his descendants would rule Ireland. The Milesians are considered the final inhabitants of Ireland, and are believed to represent the Goidelic (or Gaelic) Celts.